Reclaiming Communities right to Free Prior Informed Consent
- Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) is a specific right that pertains to communities and is recognised
in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). It allows them to give
or withhold consent to a project that may affect them or their territories. FoLT works with other
stakeholders and the community to translate and conceptualize the constitution with the realities on
the ground to ensure the community get to make informed decisions and understand their position and
role in the management of resources in their territories.
LTWP Project with IDS -One of the most controversial land cases is that of the Lake Turkana Wind Power Project (LTWP). The
LTWP is to be located along 162 km2 of ancestral lands of the Turkana, Rendile and Borana communities (Loyangalani district, Marsabit County). As almost all indigenous communities’ lands in Kenya, this territory is classified as “trust land”, where certain communal rights are considered, but local authorities retain the powers for their own use. Since 2005-2006 local governments started to grant rights over the territory to Lake Turkana, a company registered in Kenya but owned by a joint-development group including British, Dutch, Norwegian and Denmark companies and public funds for developing countries. As other renewable energy investments in Kenya, the Lake Turkana project does not recognize local pastoralist communities as “indigenous peoples”, avoiding the most stringent safeguard policies required by investors (IEWA, 2013). Although the Letter of Allotment that privatized community lands was issued in 2009, communities did not know about it until 2014 through the effort of activists and the cooperation of some members of the County Assembly. In this context, Marsabit communities organized to form a resistance network called “Sarima Indigenous Peoples’ Land Forum”. A lawsuit was filed in October 2014 at the Meru High Court to nullify the tiles and return to the original status as “community land”. Communities also raised objections to what the company was presenting as “community consultations”, and denounced co-optation of local elites and creating division among tribes.
Securing migratory and user rights - a)Rangelands mapping b)FAO project
Climate change and projects/Energy assessments and tracking - Maintaining the health of Lake Turkana is critical for the future of fisherfolk and the planet. Yet, Lake
Turkana is suffering from the compounding threats of catastrophic projects in the Omo delta , overfishing, pollution and climate change. The fisheries livelihood is dependent on productivity of the lake’s ecosystem. We advocate for the sustainable marine and fisheries of fisherfolk and the communities not only for the communities but also for the productivity of the lake.Policy development & Advocacy to sustain fisheries within L.Turkana is key to the fisheries livelihood
and the health of the lake. FoLT’s efforts to effectively connect an intimate understanding of fishing and the fishing business with regulatory approaches, advocates for effective collaboration between science, regulators and fisherfolks participation in stewardship. Education and Awareness - BMU’s, county Regulation to ensure protection
off Lodwar, Box 515-30500